Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Apr. 01, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and pursuant to the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s balance sheet as of April 1, 2023, and its results of operations, including its comprehensive income and stockholders’ equity for the three months ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes that are included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2022.
Principles of Consolidation
The Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company’s joint venture is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
On the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income, the Company bifurcated the prior year “Cost of Sales” account between “Product cost of revenues” and “Service cost of revenues” to conform to the current year presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, income taxes and the effective tax rates, reserves
for inventory obsolescence, the recognition and valuation of unit-based compensation arrangements, the useful lives of property and equipment, estimated progress toward completion for certain revenue contracts, allowances for uncollectible receivable balances, fair values and impairment of intangible assets and goodwill and assumptions used in the recognition of contract assets.
Emerging Growth Company
Section 102(b)(1) of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, or JOBS Act, exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The Company qualifies as an “Emerging Growth Company” and has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act. This election allows the Company to adopt the new or revised standard at the same time periods as private companies.
Fair Value Measurement
The Company uses valuation approaches that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible. A three-tiered hierarchy is established as a basis for considering such assumptions and for inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value. This hierarchy requires that the Company use observable market data, when available, and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value:
Level 1, observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2, inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly;
Level 3, unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which requires that the Company develop its own assumptions.
The fair value of cash, accounts receivable less allowance for credit losses, and accounts payable approximate the carrying amounts due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s debt approximates its carrying amount as of April 1, 2023 and December 31, 2022 due to its variable interest rate that is tied to the current LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin and consistency in our credit rating. To estimate the fair value of the Company’s debt, the Company utilized fair value based risk measurements that are indirectly observable, such as credit risk that fall within Level 2 of the Fair Value hierarchy.
Significant Accounting Policies
The Company’s significant accounting policies have not changed materially from those described in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses
Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. On January 2, 2022, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326) (“CECL”), which changes the impairment model for most financial assets. The new model uses a forward-looking expected loss method, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. Refer to the Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements section of our 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, for more information on the impact to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company gathered information about its current bad debt reserve and write-off practices and loss methodology, in-scope assets, historical credit losses, proposed pooling approach and expected changes to business practices under CECL. Accounts receivables are stated at estimated net realizable value from the sale of products and services to established customers. The Company determined that pooling accounts receivable by business units was the most appropriate because of the similarity of risk characteristics within each line such as customers and services offered. Historical losses and customer-specific reserve information that are used to calculate the historical loss rates are available for each business unit.
During the pooling process, the Company identified two distinct customer types: commercial and self-storage. As these customer types have different risk characteristics, the Company pools the financial assets at this level within each business unit.
Commercial customers typically are customers contracting with the Company on short-term projects with smaller credit limits and overall, smaller project sizes. Due to the short-term nature and smaller scale of these types of projects, the Company expects minimal write-offs of its receivables at the commercial pool.
Self-storage projects typically involve general contractors and make up the largest portion of the Company’s accounts receivable balance. These projects are usually longer-term construction projects and billed over the course of construction. Credit limits are larger for these projects given the overall project size and duration. Due to the longer-term nature and larger scale of these types of projects, the Company expects a potential for more write-offs of its receivable balances within the self-storage pool.
The Company reviewed methods provided by the guidance and determined to use the loss-rate method in the CECL analysis for trade receivables and contract assets. This loss-rate method was selected as there is reliable historical information available by business unit, and this historical information was determined to be representative of the Company’s current customers, products, services, and billing practices.
The activity for the allowance for credit losses during the periods ended April 1, 2023 and fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, is as follows:

April 1, 2023 December 31, 2022
Balance at beginning of period $ 4,549  $ 5,449 
CECL Adoption —  366 
Write-offs —  (2,949)
Provision (reversal). net 103  1,683 
Balance at end of period $ 4,652  $ 4,549 

(1) On January 2, 2022, the Company adopted the provisions of ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326), which introduced a new model known as CECL.
Product Warranties
The Company records a liability for product warranties at the time of the related sale of goods. The liability is estimated using historical warranty experience, projected claim rates and expected costs per claim. The Company adjusts its liability for specific warranty matters when they become known and the exposure can be estimated. Product failure rates as well as material usage and labor costs incurred in correcting a product failure affect the Company's warranty liabilities. If actual costs differ from estimated costs, the Company must make a revision to the warranty liability. Generally, the Company offers warranties ranging between 1-3 years for our products with the exception of roofing at one of our business units which is up to 10 years.

The activity related to product warranty liabilities recorded in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities, during the periods ended April 1, 2023 and fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, is as follows:
April 1, 2023 December 31, 2022
Balance at beginning of period $ 876  $ 736 
Aggregate changes in the product warranty liability 325 140
Balance at end of period $ 1,201  $ 876 
Concentrations of Risk
Financial instruments that are potentially subject to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and accounts receivable. The Company maintains cash in bank deposit accounts that, at times, may exceed the insured limits of the local country. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts. The Company sells its products and services mainly in the United States and European regions. The Company performs ongoing evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and limits the amount of credit extended when deemed necessary. The Company generally does not require its customers to provide collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. As of April 1, 2023 and December 31, 2022, no customer accounted for more than 10% of the accounts receivable balance.
The Company manages its operations through two operating and reportable segments: Janus North America and Janus International. These segments align the Company’s products and service offerings based on the geographic location between North America and International locations which is consistent with how the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, its Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”), reviews and evaluates the Company’s operations. The CODM allocates resources and evaluates the financial performance of each operating segment. The Company’s segments are strategic businesses that are managed separately because each one develops, manufactures and markets distinct products and services. Refer to Note 14, Segments, for further detail.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On January 1, 2023, the Company adopted ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805) Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers ("ASU 2021-08"), which amends ASC 805, Business Combinations (Topic 805), to add contract assets and contract liabilities to the list of exceptions to the recognition and measurement principles that apply to business combinations and to require that an acquiring entity recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in
accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("ASC 606"). Janus will be applying the pronouncement prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after the adoption date.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. This standard provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The ASU is effective and may be applied beginning March 12, 2020 and will apply through December 31, 2022. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) (“ASU 2021-01”). The amendments in ASU 2021-01 provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference the LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of the reference rate reform. The provisions must be applied at a Topic, Subtopic, or Industry Subtopic level for all transactions other than derivatives, which may be applied at a hedging relationship level. In April 2022, the FASB, proposed the deferral of the sunset date of this guidance to December 31, 2024. The Company does not expect that adopting the Reference Rate Reform accounting pronouncement will have a significant impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, or cash flows of the Company.
Although there are several other new accounting pronouncements issued or proposed by the FASB, which have been adopted or will be adopted as applicable, management does not believe any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.